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  • Analgesics or "pain-killers" include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid analgesics. They are used to control pain such as in arthritis or following surgical operations.

  • Anaphylaxis is the name given to a sudden, unusual or exaggerated reaction by an animal to a particular substance. It is always a very sudden (acute) reaction and in dogs frequently results in swelling of the face, head, ears and other parts of the body.

  • Unfortunately anthrax has been used as a method of bio-terrorism and cats can be infected, as can most mammals.

  • Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterial microorganism, Bacillus anthracis. This type of bacterium can develop small spherical bodies called spores within the bacterial cell.

  • Different medicines may be prescribed to treat ulcers of the stomach and intestine. They work in various ways to allow the ulcer to heal.

  • Antibiotics (or antibacterials) are used to treat bacterial infections. Different antibiotics are used to treat different infections.

  • Antibodies are specialised proteins (immunoglobulins) that circulate in the blood stream. They are produced by a white blood cell called a plasma cell.

  • Antiepileptics are used to help control seizures (fits) in dogs and cats. One type of medication may be used alone or with other medication.

  • Cats and dogs are attracted to the sweet taste of ethylene glycol. Many will voluntarily drink antifreeze if it is spilled or leaks on to garage floors or driveways and are more than ready to lick the product from contaminated paws and coats.

  • Antihistamines are useful for their antipruritic (anti-itch), anti-allergic and sedative effects. Your veterinarian may prescribe this medication to prevent itching in dogs and cats or for managing cats that excessively groom themselves.