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Medical Conditions

  • Anaemia describes a reduction in the amount of red blood cells in the circulation and is a relatively common problem in cats.

  • Anaemia occurs when the amount of haemoglobin is reduced. It can be due to a reduction in the total number of circulating red cells or to a reduction in the amount of haemoglobin carried by them.

  • Anal furunculosis is also called perianal fistula or perianal sinus. It is a condition affecting the German Shepherd Dog more than any other breed in Australia.

  • Anal gland (sac) disease is very common in dogs. The sacs frequently become impacted, probably due to blocking of the ducts.

  • This tumour is a disordered and purposeless overgrowth of cells originating from the modified sweat glands of an anal sac.

  • Analgesics or "pain-killers" include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid analgesics. They are used to control pain such as in arthritis or following surgical operations.

  • Anaphylaxis is the name given to a sudden, unusual or exaggerated reaction by an animal to a particular substance. It is always a very sudden (acute) reaction and in dogs frequently results in swelling of the face, head, ears and other parts of the body.

  • Unfortunately anthrax has been used as a method of bio-terrorism and cats can be infected, as can most mammals.

  • Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterial microorganism, Bacillus anthracis. This type of bacterium can develop small spherical bodies called spores within the bacterial cell.

  • Antibodies are specialised proteins (immunoglobulins) that circulate in the blood stream. They are produced by a white blood cell called a plasma cell.